C0 note (16,35 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

D0 note (18.35 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

C0 note (16,35 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

F0 note (21.83 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

G0 note (24.50 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

A0 note (27.50 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

Ao, Xiang: Mandala 



Basic information

  • Title: 
  • Composer: 
  • Duration (in minutes): 
  • Year of composition: 
  • First performance (year): 
  • First performance (venue): 
    North Iowa symphony orchestra performed in North Iowa university, Iowa, U.S.


  • Program notes: 

    Mandala is a boundary line specially drawn or a kind of earth altar built for preventing external “demons” from invading when Tibetan Esoteric Buddhists are practicing Buddhism. Figures of Buddha will be placed on the Mandala, indicating that Buddhas are gathering there, so that demons dare not to get close to the Buddhists. Actually, Mandala is an imaginary palace and a symbol mark for Buddhists to resist distractions during practice. In modern society, excessive materialism makes people anxious and struggling. Therefore, everyone is in need of a pure place to resist external temptations. Although Mandala, which is appearing in physical form, will always fade out, the one built in people’s minds will become increasingly solid. The creation of this work is like building a Mandala. During the process of constructing timbre’s structure, I blend musical elements of Tibetan Buddhist sacrifice ceremony into the timbre structure of my work. When the whole band sings the six-word mantra of Tibetan Buddhism, namely, Ong, Ma, Nee, Bay, Mei and Hong, the climax of music is achieved. When the music fades out like ebb tide, everything goes quite like the sand painting being erased. Substances will die out, while spiritual power will exist in our minds forever.




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