C0 note (16,35 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

D0 note (18.35 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

C0 note (16,35 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

F0 note (21.83 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

G0 note (24.50 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

A0 note (27.50 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

ISCM WMD 1923 Salzburg 




Festival details

  • Hosting Member: 
  • Place: 
  • Year: 
  • Date: 
    Thu, 02/08/1923 to Tue, 07/08/1923
  • Location

    WMD Festival 1923 Salzburg Salzburg
    47° 48' 10.116" N, 13° 3' 23.148" E
  • Local Time:
    Saturday, May 21, 2022 - 07:01
  • Weather nearby: Salzburg

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Internationale Kammermusikfestspiele der IGNM



Ernest Ansermet, André Caplet, Hermann Scherchen, Egon Wellesz.



Thursday, 2 August 1923

Alban Berg (b. 1885, Austria): String Quartet, op. 3 (1910, revised 1920)
Arnold Schönberg (b. 1874, Austria): 15 Gedichte aus Das Buch der hängenden Gärten, op. 15 [on texts by Stefan George], for voice and piano (1907-09)
Béla Bartók (b. 1881, Hungary): Sonata No. 2 for violin and piano (1922)

Friday, 3 August 1923

Eduard Erdmann (b. 1896, Latvia; emigrated to Germany): Sonata for unaccompanied violin, op. 12 (1920-21)
Florent Schmitt (b. 1870, France): Sonate libre en deux parties enchaînées (ad modum clementis acquae), op. 68, for violin and piano (1918-19)
Othmar Schoeck (b. 1886, Switzerland): 5 of the 12 Hafis-Lieder, op.33, for voice and piano (1919-20)
Yrjö Kilpinen (b. 1892, Finland): Lieder for voice and piano (precise songs unknown)
Ernst Krenek (b. 1900, Austria): String Quartet No. 3, op. 20 (1923)

Saturday, 4 August 1923

Serge Prokofiev (b. 1891, Russia [now Ukraine], then living in Germany): Ouvertüre über jüdische Themen, op. 34, for clarinet, piano, and string quartet (1919)
Fidelio Finke (b. 1891, Czechoslovakia): Eine Reiter-Burleske for piano (1913)
Manuel de Falla (b. 1876, Spain): 2 songs (most likely from Trois mélodies [on poems by Théophile Gautier]) for voice and piano (1909–1910)
Philipp Jarnach (b. 1892, France; then living in Germany): Sonatina op. 12 for flute and piano (1919)
William Walton (b. 1902, England): String Quartet No. 1 (1919-22) [world premiere]
Alexis Roland-Manuel (b. 1891, France): Délie [Trois poèmes de Maurice Scève] for voice and piano (1921)
Paul A. Pisk (b. 1893, Austria): Vier geistliche Gesänge, op.12 [texts by Christian Morgenstern] for voice and piano (performed with organ?)
Karol Szymanowski (b. 1882, Poland): 2 songs from Hafislieder, op. 24 for voice and piano (1911)

Sunday, 5 August 1923

Leoš Janáček (b. 1854 Czechoslovakia): Sonata for violin and piano (1914-15, revised 1916-22)
Arthur Bliss (b. 1891, England): Rhapsody for soprano, tenor, flute, English horn, string quartet, and doublebass [wordless] (1919)
Albert Roussel (b. 1869, France): Divertissement, op. 6, for piano and wind quintet (1906)
Sem Dresden (b. 1881, Netherlands): Sonata for flute and harp (1918)
Emerson Whithorne (b. 1884, USA): New York Days and Nights (3 pieces for solo piano) (1923)
Lord Berners (b. 1883, England): Valses Bourgeoises for piano four-hands (1917)
Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco (b. 1895, Italy): Il raggio verde, op. 9, for piano (1916)
Igor Stravinsky (b. 1882, Russia; then living in France): Concertino for string quartet (1920)
Igor Stravinsky: 3 Pieces for string quartet (1914)

Monday, 6 August 1923

Arthur Honegger (b. 1892, France; in Switzerland): Sonata for viola and piano (1920)
Gian Francesco Malipiero (b. 1882, Italy): Due Sonetti del Berni [2 poems by Francesco Berni (1497-1535)] for voice and piano (1922)
Alois Hába (b. 1893, Czechoslovakia): String Quartet No. 2 in the quartertone system (1920)
Maurice Ravel (b. 1875, France): Sonata for violin and violoncello (Duo) (1920-22)
Ferruccio Busoni (b. 1866 Italy; then living in Germany): Fantasia contrappuntistica for two pianos BV 256b (1910 arranged for 2 pianos in 1921)

Tuesday, 7 August 1923

Darius Milhaud (b. 1892, France): String Quartet No. 4, op. 46 (1918)
Francis Poulenc (b. 1899, France), Promenades for piano (1921)
Charles Koechlin (b. 1867, France): 5 Piano Sonatinas, op. 59 (1915-16)
Manfred Gurlitt (b. 1890, Germany): 5 Gesänge for soprano and chamber orchestra (1923)
Zoltán Kodály (b. 1882, Hungary): Sonata for unaccompanied violoncello, op. 8 (1915)
Paul Hindemith (b. 1895, Germany): Quintet for clarinet and string quartet, op. 30 (1923) [world premiere]


In addition, the following work was also scheduled for performance but was cancelled

Nicolai Myaskovsky (b. 1881, Russia [USSR]), Piano Sonata No. 3, op. 19 (1920)

Singers: Madeleine Caron, Tiny Debüser, Martha Winternitz-Dorda, Dorothy Helmrich, Heinrich Rehkemper

Pianists: Sem Dresden, Henri Gil-Marchex, Paul A. Pisk, Othmar Schoeck, Louis Gruenberg, Rudolph Reuter, Vaclav Stepän, A. Vaurabourg, and Ehepaar Kwast (The Kwast Duo: James Kwast and another, as yet, unidentified pianist)

Violinists: Alma Moodie, Stanislav Novák.
Violoncellist: Paul Hermann
Ensembles: Amar-Hindemith-Quartett, Havemannquartett, Pro Arte-Quartett, Miss McCurragh's-Quartett, Societe moderne d'instruments ä vent (Fleury).
Conductor: Ernest Ansermet.


NOTE: One year prior to this First Festival, the ISCM was founded at a meeting held after the conclusion of the Internationale Kammermusikaufführungen, which took place in Salzburg from 7-10 August 1922, as a result of a unanimous resolution, on 11 August 1922, to organize a permanent body for the promotion of modern music. Because of that, these August 1922 concerts are sometimes referred to as the ISCM «Nulltes» Fest. 


Monday, 7 August 1922 at 19:00

Richard Strauss (b. 1864, Germany): 5 of the 6 Lieder, op. 68 [Brentano] for voice and piano (1918)
Darius Milhaud (b. 1892, France): Sonata, op. 47, for flute, oboe, clarinet and piano (1918) 
Joseph Marx (b. 1882, Austria): Pan trauert um Syrinx for voice, flute, and piano (1916)
Felix Petyrek (b. 1892, Austria): Passacaglia for piano (1922)
Arthur Bliss (b. 1891, England): Rout for voice and chamber orchestra (1920)
Béla Bartók (b. 1881, Hungary): Sonata No. 1 for violin and piano (1921)

Tuesday, 8 August 1922 at 10:30

Albéric Magnard (1865-1914, France): Quintet for piano and winds (1894) [performed in memoriam]
Gian Francesco Malipiero (b. 1882, Italy): “Il ritorno" (listed as "La Madre Folla”) from Sette Canzoni for voice and piano (1919)
Ildebrando Pizzetti (b. 1880, Italy): "I Pastori" [Gabriele dˈAnnunzio] (1908) and "San Basilio"  [Niccolò Tommasèo] (1912) from the Cinque liriche for voice and piano
Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco (b. 1895, Italy): Stelle Cadenti [Shooting Star], a cycle of 12 songs for voice and piano (1919) 
Francis Poulenc (b. 1899, France): 5 Impromptus, op. 8, for piano (1920-21)
Igor Stravinsky (b. 1882, Russia; then living in France): Piano-Rag-Music (1919)
Claude Debussy (1862-1918, France): Syrinx (ou La Flûte de Pan) for unaccompanied flute (1913)
Charles Koechlin (b. 1867, France): Sonata for two flutes, op. 75 (1918-1920)
Maurice Ravel (b. 1875, France): 3 of the 5 Mélodies populaires grecques for voice and piano (1904-06)
Manuel de Falla (b. 1876, Spain): 5 of the 7 Canciones populares Españolas for voice and piano (1914)
Arthur Honegger (b. 1892, France): Rapsodie for 2 flutes, clarinet, and piano (1917)

Tuesday, 8 August 1922 at 19:00

Carl Nielsen (b. 1865, Denmark): Sonata (No. 2) for violin and piano, op. 35 (1912)
Ture Rangström (b. 1884, Sweden): Vier Lieder for voice and piano (unidentified)
Maurice Ravel (b. 1875, France): Gaspard de la nuit for solo piano (1908)
Ferruccio Busoni (b. 1866, Italy; then living in Germany): Piano Sonatina No. 4 ‘in diem nativitatis Christi MCMXVII' (1917) 
Karol Szymanowski (b. 1882, Poland): "Tantris le Bouffon" from Masques, op. 34, for piano (1915-16)
Egon Wellesz (b. 1885, Austria): String Quartet No. 4 (1920)
Fidelio Finke (b. 1891, Czechoslovakia): Marionetten-Musiken - 6 Piano Pieces (1921)
Anton Webern (b. 1883, Austria), 5 Pieces for String Quartet, op. 5 (1909)
Willem Pijper (b. 1894, Netherlands): Sonata (No. 1) for violin and piano (1919)

Wednesday, 9 August 1922 at 10:30 ("Matinee: Werke von Wiener Komponisten," an additional concert during the festival)

Walther Klein (b. 1882, Austria): unidentified song(s)
Ernst Kanitz (b. 1894, Austria): Drei Gesänge, op. 5 [Morgenstern] for mezzo-soprano, violin, and piano (1922?)
Hugo Kauder (b. 1888, Austria): Nachts (Drei Sätze mit Epilog) for viola, violoncello, and piano (1916)
Egon Lustgarten (b. 1887, Austria): Die Einsame, song cycle for voice and chamber orchestra
Karl Horwitz (b. 1884, Austria): Gesänge (unspecified)
Karl Alwin (b. 1891, then Germany now Kaliningrad, Russia): Four songs (unidentified)
Wilhelm Grosz (b. 1884, Austria): Liebeslieder, op. 10 (1920, orch 1922)
Karl Weigl (b. 1881, Austria): unidentified song(s)

Wednesday, 9 August 1922 at 19:00

Joseph Marx (b. 1882, Austria): Prelude(s) for piano ?
Adolfo Salazar (b. 1890, Spain): Tres preludios for piano (1916)
Manuel de Falla (b. 1876, Spain): 4 Piezas Españolas for piano (1906-09)
Egon Kornauth (b. 1891, Austria): Valse for piano (most likely from 3 Klavierstücke, op. 23 (1920))
Dame Ethel Smyth (b. 1858, England): Odelette for soprano, flute, string trio, doublebass, harp, and percussion (1907)
Ernest Bloch (b. 1880, Switzerland; then living in USA): Schelomo for violoncello and piano [reduction] (1916)
Paul Hindemith (b. 1895, Germany): String Quartet 3, op. 22 [now known as String Quartet No. 4) (1921)
Ernest Bloch: Sonata (No. 1) for violin and piano (1920)

Thursday, 10 August 1922 at 10:30

Zoltán Kodály (b. 1882, Hungary): Serenade, op. 12,  for 2 violins and viola (1919-1920)
Gustav Holst (b. 1874, England): Vier Lieder (unspecified)
John Gerard Williams (b. 1888, England): Lied
Arnold Bax (b. 1883, England): "I heard a piper piping" from 5 Irish Songs for voice and piano (1921)
Leo Sowerby (b. 1895, USA): Sonata (No. 2) in Bb for violin and piano (1922)
Paul Schierbeck (b. 1888, Denmark): Zwei Lieder (most likely "Jeg drømte" and"Majalil" both with texts by Hugo Marx-Nielsen and both composed in 1920)
Ebbe Hamerik (b. 1898, Denmark): Sommer for baritone and orchestra (performed in a reduction?) (1920)
Armstrong Gibbs (b. 1889, England): “Nod” op. 12 no. 1 for voice and string quartet (1918)
Eugene Goossens (b. 1893, England): 2 of 3 Songs, op. 26 for voice and string quartet (1920)

Thursday, 10 August 1922 at 19:00

Guido Bagier (b. 1888, Germany): Variationen und Fuge über ein Thema von Schumann for piano (DATE?)
Percy Grainger (b. 1882, Australia; then living in the USA): Molly on the Shore for string quartet (1907)
Rudolph Réti (b. 1885, Serbia): 6 Liebesgesänge on texts of Ricarda Huch, op. 5, for voice and piano (1922)
Paul A. Pisk (b. 1893, Austria): Drei Lieder for voice and string quartet (DATE?)
Jaroslav Křička (b. 1882, Czechoslovakia): Lieder (unspecified)
Ladislav Vycpálek (b. 1882, Czechoslovakia): Lieder (unspecified)
Arnold Schönberg (b. 1874, Austria): String Quartet No. 2 in f# minor, op. 10 for soprano and string quartet (1907-08)


The following additional composers/works were scheduled but did not occur:

Alban Berg (b. 1885, Austria): 4 pieces for clarinet and piano, op. 5 (1913)
Josef M. Hauer (b. 1883, Austria): unknown work
Kurt Atterberg (b. 1887, Sweden): unknown work
Enrique Granados (1867-1916, Spain): unknown work
(Juan) Joan Manén (b. 1883, Spain-Catalonia): unknown work
Václav Štěpán (b. 1889, Czechoslovakia): unknown work


Singers: Marya Freund, Elisabeth Schumann, Erika Wagner, Dorothy Moulton, Felicie
Mihacsek-Hüni, Andula Pecirkova, Poul Wiedemann.
Pianists: Walter Gieseking, Jean Wiener, Fritz Malata, Paul Weingarten, Felix Petyrek, Carl Friedberg.
Violinists: Joseph Szigeti, Mario Corti, A. Barjansky.
Ensembles: Amar-Hindemith-Quartett, Societe moderne d'instruments ä vent (Louis Fleury).
In addition many of the composers served as their own interpreters and conductors.


Contemporaneous reviews of the 1922 Festival

"Anton von Webern appears. I never saw an angrier man; he is about 35, dry and thin, as though pickled in perennial fury, and erect as a ramrod. It was amusing to see him face up to each of the four executants of his five pieces for string quartet, as if he were going to kill them; then relent, wring his hands bitterly, glare defiance at the audience, and rush off stiffly into the artists' rooms. Thereupon, one suddenly became aware of the sixth furious fan (who I subsequently learned was an architect and stone deaf), passionately reproaching the audience, and more especially a certain Kappelmeister there present, for laughing and spoiling everything. Most ungrateful, since but for those ever-recurring scenes, the school, whom no one takes seriously except Schoenberg, would have fizzed out long ago."

--Daily Telegraph (London) published on 9 September 1922

"It seems almost incredible that one can have heard so much music in four days, but the programs are there to vouch for it: Fifty-four composers of fifteen different nationalities! If we include Strauss, who arrived later to conduct the Mozart operas, there were more than twenty composers present."

--Edwin Evans, "The Salzburg Festival: International Chamber Concerts," Musical Times (London) published on 1 September 1922

"If the First international Chamber Music Festival of Salzburg proved anything, it is the permanent need for just such festivals as this. They are necessary, for one thing, in order to furnish us with a definition of 'modern' as applied to music, a definition which changes--and must change--its meaning from generation to generation, almost from year to year. ... I am surely not pessimistic after this first truly international review of post-war music."

--César Saerchinger, "First Modern Chamber Music Festival at Salzburg Biggest international Gathering Since the War,"
The Musical Courier (New York) published on 31 August 1922



Anton Haefeli: Die Internationale Gesellschaft für Neue Musik (IGNM), Ihre Geschichte von 1922 bis zur Gegenwart (Atlantis Musikbuch-Verlag, 1982), pp. 479-481.

Nicolas Slonimsky: Music Since 1900, Sixth Edition edited by Laura Kuhn (Schirmer Reference, 2001), pp. 178-179, 185-186.




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